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Beijing  Introduction

At 39.56 degrees north latitude and 116.20 degrees east longitude; in the north of the North China Plain, surrounded by mountains in the west, north and northeast, in the southeast is a great plain sloping down gently to the Bohai Sea.

Total Area
16,410.54 square kilometers (6,336 square miles)

Planned Urban Area
1,041 square kilometers (402 square miles)

Administrative Division
16 districts

Permanent Population
21.516 million (by the end of 2014)
Ethnic Groups
56 ethnic groups, most are of Han nationality

Climate Type
Warm temperate semi-humid continental monsoon climate, hot and rainy in the summer, cold and dry in the winter, the spring and the autumn are short, an average annual temperature of about 13 degrees Celsius, an annual precipitation of about 480 millimeters, rainfalls are concentrated in the summer.

City Trees
Sophora japonica and platycladus orientalis

City Flowers
Chinese rose and chrysanthemum
In 2014, Beijing completed an infrastructural investment of 201.81 billion yuan, accounting for 26.7 percent of its total investment in fixed assets, up 1.3 percent from 2013. Investment was made in fields such as energy, public services, transportation and posts & telecommunications, including an investment of 75.65 billion yuan in transportation and 50.25 billion yuan in public services.

In recent years, Beijing's resident income and economy have grown simultaneously. Stable employment, pay rise and improved social security benefits to residents have been main contributors. In 2014, Beijing's  urban per capita disposable income was 43,910 yuan, up 8.9 percent from 2013, and was actually up 7.2 percent after adjusting for inflation. Beijing's rural per capita net income was 20,226 yuan, up 10.3 percent from 2013, and was actually up 8.6 percent after adjusting for inflation. Beijing's Engel coefficients for urban residents and rural residents were 30.8 percent and 34.7 percent respectively. Beijing's urban per capita housing floor area and rural per capital housing floor area were 31.54 square meters and 52.42 square meters respectively.

In 2014, Beijing's R&D spending was 126.88 billion yuan, up 7.1 percent from 2013, accounting for 5.95 percent of Beijing's GDP, almost even with 2013. As subjects of science and technology innovation, enterprises spent 46.35 billion yuan on R&D, up 8.2 percent from 2013, accounting for 36.5 percent of Beijing's social R&D spending, up 0.4 percent from 2013. The number of Beijing's science and technology personnel was 726,800, up 6.67 percent from 2013.

In 2014, Beijing's GDP was 2.13308 trillion yuan, up 7.7 percent year on year. The added value of the primary sector, the secondary sector and the tertiary sector were 15.9 billion yuan, 454.48 billion yuan and 1.6627 trillion yuan, down 0.04 percent, up 5.9 percent and up 8.3 percent respectively. The ratio of three sectors was 0.7:21.3:78.0. The leading role of the service industry in economic development was prominent.




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