General situation of Qingdao
Qingdao is an important national coastal central city, international port city, and national historical and cultural city. It is also China"s first batch of coastal open cities, Chinese independent-plan city and sub-provincial city. The sailing competitions of twenty-ninth Olympic Games in Beijing in 2008 and the thirteenth Paralympics was held in the city, knows as China"s sailing city and Asia"s best sailing city. 2014 World Expo and 2015 World Leisure Sports Meeting were held in this city. It is China"s leading intelligent city, China"s best commercial city; the city entrepreneurs are most satisfied with, gold city of China"s investment environment, and the top ten cities the most attractive for the foreign talents in China.
Qingdao is located in the west coast of the Pacific Ocean, the shore of Yellow Sea and the southern part of Shandong Peninsula (North latitude from 35°35"－37°09" and east longitude from 119°30"－121°00"), and faces South Korea and Japan across the sea in the East.
Qingdao has jurisdiction over 6 districts respectively South City, North City, Licang, Laoshan, Huangdao and Chengyang and 4 county-level cities respectively Jimo, Jiaozhou, Pingdu and Laixi.
Qingdao covers 11,282 square kilometers of land area and 12,240 square kilometers of sea area, among which the urban area is 3,293 square kilometers.
The permanent resident population of Qingdao is 9 million 97 thousand, among which the permanent resident population of urban district is 4 million 902 thousand and 200.
Qingdao is a coastal hilly city, with twists and turns in the coastline and firths alternate with each other. There is Laoshan in the East, large or small Zhushan and Tiejue Mountain in the West, Dazeshan in the North and Jiaolai Plain in the centre. Three major rivers include Dagu River, North Jiaolai River and the coastal rivers, and three bay groups include Jiaozhou Bay, Aoshan Bay and Lingshan Bay. It totally has 817 km of coastline, 49 bays and 120 islands. The coastal shoreline of Qingdao accounts for 1/4 of that of Shandong Province.
Qingdao city in 2012 determines its development goals of "pioneering scientific development, achieving a blue breakthrough and speeding up the construction of livable and happy modern international city". The Planning Outline of the Thirteenth Five-year Plan (2016-2020) of Qingdao National Economic and Social Development confirms that Qingdao will strive to build national innovation center of Eastern coastal area, an important regional service center, and the international advanced marine development center, and basically complete the construction of regional economic central city with international influence in 2020. In the "13th Five-Year" period, Qingdao will give full play to the leading role of the demonstration of the national strategic platform, such as China"s Blue Valley, New District of Qingdao West Coast and comprehensive reform pilot area of wealth management and finance, and act as vanguard well in the innovation and development.
In 2015, Qingdao"s gross domestic product (GDP) was RMB 930 billion 7 million, with an increase of 8.1%, among which the marine production value was RMB 209 billion 340 million, accounting for 22.5% of the GDP. The increase value of the first, second and third industry were RMB 36 billion 398 million, RMB 402 billion 646 million and RMB 490 billion 963 million and the industry ratio was 3.9:43.3:52.8. The total output value of industrial enterprises above state designated scale was RMB 1 trillion and 734 billion 980 million, with an increase of 7.8%. General public budget revenue was RMB 100 billion 630 million, with an increase of 12.39%.; fixed asset investment was RMB 655 billion 570 million, with an increase of 14.2%; retail sales of social consumer goods were RMB 371 billion 370 million, with an increase of 10.5%.
In 2016, Qingdao will take the initiative to adapt to the new normal of economic development, adhere to the development idea of innovation, harmony, green, open, and sharing, and strive to achieve a good start of the economic and social development in "13th Five-Year" period. In 2016, Qingdao will vigorously promote the structural reform of the supply side. Take many measures to resolve the overcapacity, deepen the reform of the housing system, develop housing rental market, optimize the supply structure of real estate, and actively resolve the stocks of real estate. Carry out special actions to reduce costs and increase benefits, support the technical innovation and equipment update of enterprise, and expand the effective and high-end supply. Actively cultivate new hot spots of consumption and increase the medium and high-end consumers. Optimize the investment structure, increase effective investment, focus on 190 city-level key construction projects with the total investment of RMB 650 billion, and complete the investment more than RMB 150 billion. Speed up the construction of major projects such as the production base of East China FAW-Volkswagen, HP global big data center, Wanda Oriental Cinema and World Expo City of China Railway, and strive to complete and put into operation BYD new-energy vehicles, Haijing Chemicals and other 60 projects.
Implement the "Internet plus" development plan, promote the deep integration of the tertiary industries with Internet, big data, cloud computing and Internet of things. Develop the Internet industrial and enterprise clusters such as Haier and Red Collar, and build domestic important Internet industrial city and intelligent manufacturing base. Foster the growth of the ten major strategic emerging industries such as the robot, three-dimensional (3D) printing and virtual reality, and accelerate to improve the proportion of advanced manufacturing industry and high-tech manufacturing industry. Fully implement the "ocean+" development plan, promote the blue breakthrough, and construct ocean strong city. Deepen the quality of the city and brand building, implement the "standardization +" strategy, and create a "Qingdao standard of" with international level.
Qingdao is one of China"s first 14 coastal open cities, assessed as China"s best emerging business city by the Fortune magazine of United States. Japan, South Korea and Thailand establish the Consulate General in Qingdao. Qingdao develops friendly city or friendly cooperative relations with 67 foreign cities, and establishes economic cooperation partnership with the city (province, state) of 30 countries. More than 2 thousand and 100 foreign local governments and overseas enterprises set up the permanent offices in Qingdao, and 126 overseas enterprises of the 500 top and 248 projects settle in Qingdao. Pakistan Haier-Ruba Economic Zone is the first Chinese overseas economic and trade cooperation zone. Qingdao is the first batch of pilot cities of Sino-US local economic and trade cooperation, and the first batch of key cities of Sino-Britain local investment and trade cooperation. Qingdao International Airport carries out visa-free stays within 72 hours for 51 countries. Overseas tourists shopping in the first batch of 33 tax reimbursement shops of Qingdao can enjoy the policy of reimbursing the VAT after the departure, and reimbursing currency is RMB.
Qingdao is an important international trade port and maritime transportation junction on the west bank of the Pacific Ocean. Qingdao port was built in 1892, and had trade exchanges with more than 700 ports of more than 180 countries and regions in the world. In 2015, the cargo throughput was 500 million tons, the container throughput was 17 million 430 thousand standardizing box. In 2015, the total amount of foreign trade in Qingdao was more than $ 80 billion, the foreign capital was $ 6 billion 690 million, and the amount of foreign investment was $ 3 billion 300 million. It has 6 national economic zones and 4 special customs supervision areas. Qingdao industrial and commercial center has been set up in Singapore, Busan of South Korea, Munich of Germany, and San Francisco of the United States with the.